Articles Archive

When the STATE DOES WRONG, still the FARMER PAYES!

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de Oana Strătulă (Partener) BUNĂSTARE ÎN EROARE! Cum a greşit AM PNDR calculul ratelor de sprijin aferente Măsurii 215 – Plăţi în favoarea bunăstarii animalelor – şi cine suportă consecinţele acestor erori? Cerinţele standardelor suplimentare de bunăstare a animalelor (pentru porcine şi pentru păsări), precum şi valoarea plăţilor cuvenite beneficiarilor care şi-au asumat voluntar angajamentele de bunăstare
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Affiliated enterprises – a new “reason” to repay European funds (Part II)

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În prima parte a articolului (http://www.business24.ro/imm/lege-imm/intreprinderile-legate-un-nou-motiv-de-restituire-a-fondurilor-europene-partea-i-1570687) am explicat care sunt cele trei tipuri de întreprinderi – autonome, partenere sau legate – definite de Legea 346/2004 și cum se face corecta încadrare a unei intreprinderi în categoria IMM-urilor. Dacă aplicarea textelor de lege referitoare la întreprinderile autonome și cele partenere nu a pus mari probleme în practică,
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Employees will be able to receive the dismissal decision soon through a simple email

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Evoluția tehnologică din ultimii ani, sau chiar decenii, și implicarea din ce în ce mai puternică a tehnologiei informației în viața de zi cu zi produc efecte pe toate planurile, inclusiv în domeniul juridic. Mediul juridic se adaptează permanent prin modificări legislative și prin validarea tot mai multor căi de transmitere a informațiilor drept mijloace
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Affiliated enterprises – a new “reason” to repay European funds (Part I)

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În ultima perioadă, autoritățile cu competențe în gestionarea fondurilor europene par să-și fi trecut pe agenda de lucru o nouă temă, aptă să genereze mari bătăi de cap beneficiarilor și cu potențial de a deveni, în scurt timp, la fel de celebră ca și „condițiile artificiale”. A fi sau nu fi întreprindere legată – este
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Everything you want to know about the notice

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by Cosmin Mocanu In our first article on the subject of notice due by the employer at termination of individual employment contract (CIM) we referred to a few general issues, such as what is the notice, to whom, how and when it should be granted, and how to calculate it correctly, in this second article we will refer, briefly, to some practical problems cropped up in our practice of labor law. As in the first article, we want to point out that in the following we refer exclusively to the
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The right to free speech vs. the right to private life. What comes first?

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Freedom of expression of the media is a concept often used and to always call when media “feel” any impairment to the tendencies of such liberties, express or sometimes more insidious, on behalf of any person or institution. Article published By Sorin Strătulă on 21.10.2015, in Business 24 You can read more on: http://m.business24.ro/legislatie/dreptul-la-libera-exprimare-vs-dreptul-la-viata-privata-ce-primeaza-1564521  
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The minimis aid: How to survive the State’s unfulfilled promises

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Eager to support small entrepreneurs or, at least, to give birth to a legislative framework that would create this appearance, in 2013, the Government adopted the Decision No. 274 concerning de minimis aid for investments by small and medium-sized enterprises. You can read more on: http://www.business24.ro/legislatie/legi-romania/ajutorul-de-minimis-cum-sa-supravietuiesti-promisiunilor-neonorate-de-stat-1563825  
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What can you do if AFIR demands the execution of the guaranty bank letter of repayment of the advance?

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If it is considered that the demand made by AFIR regarding the execution of a guarantee bank letter is unlawful, 2007-2013 NRDP beneficiaries who received advances of funding, as authorizing of the letters, may address the court to obtain a temporary suspension of their payment, by way of a special procedure called a presidential ordinance1. For the purpose of
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Immigration options available in Romania for non-EU citizens

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For non-EU citizens is still difficult to find a way to live in Romania, considering the numerous conditions that they must fulfill. Visa Granting Regime The visa application has to be submitted to the diplomatic missions or the consular offices of Romania from abroad. The request to be granted a visa must be accompanied by
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Cost-volume contract regulations take effect in Romania in Q1 2015

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By Sorin Strătulă A number of important regulations of significance to pharmaceutical companies oper­ating in Romania took effect in the first quarter of 2015. These refer, in particular, to cost-volume contracts to be signed with drug manufacturers and the evaluation and ap­proval of the advertising of medicinal products for human use1.   Government Ordinance No.
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The individual employment contract. The notice in case of dismissal

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by Cosmin Mocanu Although the entitlement of notice of the employees whose individual employment contracts  (CIM in Romanian) ceases seems to be a well known aspect appropriated by employers, our law practice has shown us that reality might be quite different. Although treated as a “given” in the proceedings for the dismissal of employees for
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Whistleblowing: legal situation in Romania

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by Sorin Strătulă, Managing Partner Romania has a specific law on whistleblowing protection since 2004 – Law no. 571/2004 on the protection of personnel within public authorities and institutions disclosing violations of the law, shortly referred to as “Romanian Whistleblower’s Law”, and was the first country in the continental legislative system to have a comprehensive whistleblower
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Consumer Protection in Romania

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By Sorin Strătulă, Managing Partner Romanian legislation on consumer protection is split into two categories: general and specific. General legislation in Romania   The general consumer protection legislation is represented by: ■ Law no. 296/2004 regarding the Consumer Code (further on referead to as the „Consumer Code”); ■ Government Ordinance no. 21/1992 regarding Consumer Protection (further on
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Main European Union legislation on consumer protection

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By Sorin Strătulă In terms of European Union law, the newest and most comprehensive directive on consumer rights is Directive 2011/83 / EC, generically called “The Directive on Consumer Rights”, that has entered into force on June 13th, 2014. As of this date the Directives 97/7 / EC on the Protection of Consumers in respect
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Important laws passed by Romanian government in H1 2014 pertaining to healthcare services

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By Sorin Strătulă In the first half of 2014 the Romanian government passed several laws pertaining to healthcare, of which the two most notable refer to the norms governing the application of Directive 2011/24/EU on patients’ rights in cross-border healthcare in the country, along with the conditions for granting healthcare services within the national health insurance
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Unfair Commercial Practices in Romania – an Analysis

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by Oana Strătulă  (Partner) In a difficult economic period, characterized as one of crisis, the survival on the market has become, for many merchants, a purpose and for its achievement they are willing to put in the fight any means, even some less “orthodox “1.    As such, buying commercial secrets without the owner’s legitimate consent, the
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Everything about the new responsibilities of companies, for the protection of consumers

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by Oana Strătulă On June 11, 2014, the Emergency Ordinance no. 34 was published in the Official Gazette. The Ordinance concerns the rights of consumers within the contracts concluded with professionals, as well as amending and completing certain normative acts1. Adopting a new law on consumer protection was necessary for the transposition into national law of
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Public procurements. What changes brings the new EU Directive in the national legislation

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by Oana Strătulă At EU level, public procurements are considered to be one of the key market tools, which have to be used by the Member States with the goal of achieving a smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, while ensuring the most efficient usage of public funds1.    The key role of public procurements has
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The new procedure of attesting traditional products – a quality guarantee?

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By Oana Strătulă In recent years, the negative effects of fast food alimentation on the health and the well-being of people have led more and more persons to be concerned about the return to healthy diet as close as possible to a natural one, and also the return to the taste and quality of traditional
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Further reform of Romanian healthcare system expected in 2014

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By Sorin Strătulă (Partner) Although the Health Ministry and the National Health Insurance House (CNAS) budgets for 2013 in Romania were increased considerably in comparison with the 2012 figures and the government succeeded in enacting some reforms, the healthcare system in the country still faced various internal convulsions and experienced legislative, social and economic instability.
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The new insolvency law – pluses and minuses

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by Oana Strătulă (Partner) The present insolvency procedure regulated by the Law no. 85/2006 has become over time an instrument sometimes used in an abusive manner, by both debtors and creditors1. Thus, debtors are being protected from creditors under the generous umbrella determined by the current law, given the fact that it is well known that once
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The most important changes for business generated by the new Criminal Code

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by Oana Strătulă  (Partner) In order to achieve a correlation between the reality of the fact and the sanctioning legal norm, the Criminal Code and the Criminal Procedure Code – which have entered into force on February 1, 2014 – bring a series of updates regarding the measures that the criminal court may take for the purpose
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Black Friday. Some legal advice to avoid being fooled by false promotions

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by Oana Strătulă  (Partner) Together with Halloween, the holiday with witches and goblins, Black Friday represents another American concept recently implemented by retailers based in Romania who are eager to increase their sales volume during a very short time period1.    Traditionally, in its home country, Black Friday is organized on the last Friday of November
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The reasons why investors will refuse the public private partnership

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by Oana Strătulă  (Partner) Given that, during the three years since the entrance into force of the Law 178/2010 on the public private partnership, there has been not even a single PPP contract, the Department of Infrastructure Projects and Foreign Investments sent for approval to the Parliament a new law on public-private partnership1.  As stated in
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Why do pharmaceutical companies in Romania oppose the claw-back tax?

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by Oana Strătulă  (Partner) The obligation to pay the claw-back tax was introduced in Romania, for the first time, in 2009, and it referred to the obligation of the medicines’ producers to pay a quarterly contribution for reimbursed medicines. Taking into account that in Romania the total quarterly consumption of reimbursed medicines is much higher than
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The strategy used by the European Commission to claim back the funds granted

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by Oana Strătulă  (Partner) Beneficiaries of EU funds have encountered unpleasant surprises from the European Commission. Many of them have been accused of creating artificial conditions to receive funding, paradoxically by the same authority who previously approved their projects and payments on the basis of a serious documentation and after many checks1.    The accusation was
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A new reform in the medical system in Romania: pilot hospitals – autonomous health institutions

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by Oana Strătulă  (Partner) In trying to solve the desperate situation in which the health system in Romania is found, authorities are testing new solutions: pilot hospitals. This is an attempt to limit the funding of the pilot hospitals from the state or local level. Their income will come from, among others, European funds and rental
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The luxury of being an owner in Romania, at IMF command

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by Oana Strătulă  (Partner) In the Letter of Intent agreed with the International Monetary Fund in late July, the Government has expressed its desire to find new ways to broaden the base of social contribution system in order to reduce the burden of labour taxation1. In this regard, the official document shows that by mid-September 2013,
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“Friendship Law” in the public procurement “industry”

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by Oana Strătulă  (Partner) Many times, ever since the reading of the tender documentation, it can be loomed the preference of the contracting authority for certain potential bidders, that usually results from the established conditions regarding the professional capacity which the participants must have. This is particularly evident in areas where the number of specialists is not
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Romania’s strategy for an announced failure: Nabucco

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by Oana Strătulă  (Partner) In an uncertain moment for the fate of the Nabucco project  which is already declared loser in front of the competition represented by the Trans-Adriatic Pipeline (TAP), Romania has rushed to adopt legislative measures which aim the achievement of the development works of the Nabucco gas pipeline on the land of our
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New legislation with impact on the drug/medical equipment supply contract award, enforced at the beginning of the second quarter 2013

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By Sorin Strătulă (Partner) On April 2nd 2013 the Romanian Parliament passed a new law for implementing the EU Directive 2011/7/UE on combating the late payment in commercial transactions, i.e. Law no. 72/2013 on combating the late payment in contracts between professionals and contracts between professionals and contracting authorities1.  This new Law provides for certain
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Anti Illicit Trade (“AIT”) – main laws existing in Romania and their application

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By Sorin Strătulă (Partner) This short analysis will briefly present the main national legislation in force regarding AIT (as of March 2012), with a focus on those provisions of the Fiscal Code and Customs Code on the matter, as well as on the provisions of the legislation in force sanctioning corruption crimes. Main national primary
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Employment contract concluded between a company and its administrator. Part II: Limited Liability Companies

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By Cosmin Mocanu  (Partner) We have referred, in the November issue of the Journal Consulting Review, to the possibility of concluding an individual employment contract between the joint stock companies and administrators and/or their directors. The conclusion of our analysis  was that, following the amendments to the Company Law no. 31/1990 (“Company Law”), initially brought
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Employment contract concluded between a company and its administrator. Part I: Joint Stock Companies

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By Cosmin Mocanu (Partner) Successive amendments brought to Law no. 31/1990 on commercial companies (“Company Law”) in 2006 and 2007 expressly limited the ability of such companies to combine the quality of their administrator(s) (or director(s), for joint stock companies) with that of employee(s) of the respective administrated company1. Although it has been almost three
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A few words about the “termination clauses / covenants” in commercial contracts

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By Cosmin Mocanu (Partner) No doubt, the subject was treated many times and from multiple perspectives in the specialized literature. However, the frequency with which many persons, not only those without legal training but also a large and worrying number of practitioners prove that they do not master the “termination clauses” legal institution, convinced us
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Some considerations on excise duties and the maximum sale price of tobacco products

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By Cosmin Mocanu (Partner) Lately, several controls performed throughout the country by the local Excise and Customs Operations Divisions of the Ministry of Finance (“Divisions”) have resulted in fines not at all negligible for tobacco products producers, importers and distributors, whether we are talking about wholesalers (which were often the very producers or importers of
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Overview of the Romanian main legislation on awarding contracts for concession of services

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By Sorin Strătulă (Managing Partner) 1.   Applicable legal provisions1 The applicable and reviewed legal provisions are: Government Emergency Ordinance no. 34/2006, on the awarding of public procurement contracts, public works concession and service concession contracts (Official Gazette no. 418/15.05.2006 (“GEO 34/2006”); Government Decision no. 925/2006, on the methodological norms for application of  GEO 34/2006 , published in the  Official Gazette nr.625/20.07.2006, as amended and supplemented (“GD 925/2006”); Order no. 155/2006, approving the guidelines for the award of public
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Setting up and operation of a company in Romania – general guidelines for foreign investors

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By Sorin Strătulă (Partner) 1. Introduction to the legal framework governing the area. The legal framework regulating the corporate activities area comprises a set of basic laws that cover all the aspects of a business set up and operation in Romania.The core laws in the field are the Company Law no. 31/1990 (“Company Law”) and
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